LATEST STORIES Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding View comments The NBA 2K19 20th anniversary edition will be available to fans on Sept. 7.James and the Cavaliers trail Golden State 2-0 in this year’s Finals. Game 3 is Wednesday night.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Lacson: Calamity fund cut; where did P4 billion go? Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew James says he’s humbled to be chosen for the 20th anniversary cover “of a game I’ve played and loved since I was a little kid. We were able to do something really unique for the cover that represents everything that drives me and inspires me — from my family to where I come from and words I live by.” Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Jury of 7 men, 5 women selected for Weinstein rape trial Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award MOST READ Winfrey details her decision to withdraw from Simmons film China population now over 1.4 billion as birthrate falls Dave Chappelle donates P1 million to Taal relief operations Warriors, Cavaliers say they’re not going to White House Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours They Will Know Your Name, just like they know the King’s. Introducing our 20th Anniversary Edition cover athlete @KingJames. Pre-order #NBA2K19 now to play 4 days early starting September 7th https://t.co/Fwn4OnQeur pic.twitter.com/Uw0IPMhArs— NBA 2K19 (@NBA2K) June 5, 2018CLEVELAND — LeBron James is being honored as a gamer — on and off the floor.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownCleveland’s star will appear on the cover of NBA 2K, the popular video game that’s celebrating its 20th anniversary. The cover will include inspirational words chosen by James, who is chasing a fourth NBA title.ADVERTISEMENT
GGDMA President Terrence Adamscalls on Govt to re-examine measures to prevent collapse of industryThe Guyana Gold and Diamond Miners Association (GGDMA) has joined the flurry of critics of the proposed $250 billion 2017 National Budget, presented last Monday by Finance Minister Winston Jordan.The Miners Association, along with the Guyana Women Miners Association (GWMA), called on Government to re-examine measures placed in the budget to ensure that the local Gold and Diamond Mining Industry does not collapse. It said the 2017 National Budget, along with the previously proposed three per cent reduction in the gold board price for gold and the removal of concessions to the sector, can only lead to lower declarations and a decline in the sector that would take the economy into a negative spiral.“We would like to congratulate all the hard-working small- and medium-scale miners, without whose effort the country would have undoubtedly recorded negative growth. Despite the removal of our concessions, gold kept Guyana moving, when all other sectors have slowed down,” the Association said in a statement.The Association also said however, that it is saddened that the 2017 Budget has no good news for miners.“Despite championing the valiant efforts of miners, the Minister of Finance in the 2017 Budget has brought proposed measures that will hasten the sector’s decline. Already, despite the high declaration figures, there are clear signs of decline,” the GGDMA said.It said the declarations this year were propped up by the two international companies, which contributed one-third of the gold won.“Our figures indicate that local mining was down. The Minister himself has recognised that there has been a significant slowdown in investment in the mining sector. In the budget speech, the minister recognised the threats the industry will face in 2017 and stated: ‘The threat of gold prices declining in 2017, combined with rising oil prices and global issues such as de-risking and climate change, will pose a major risk to our economy that will demand enlightened management.’ We are shocked that despite this statement, no measures have been placed to help the industry regain its footing.”Compliance challengesThe GGDMA said the 2017 Budget affects it in several ways. It went on to say that for some 30 years miners have been paying their taxes at the source and that there was no need to file additional taxes: “Now we are given the few remaining days of 2016 to completely realign the sector. A sector that, because of its reactive nature and remoteness of operation, has cash culture.”According to the mining body, the sector is dominated by non-accountants and persons who are more familiar with machines than with books.“We cannot see how the Government of Guyana expects compliance in such a short time. The cultural norms of the sector prevent us from adjusting to this new measure overnight. We cannot be placed on the same level of compliance with coastal based business, which have ready access to non-cash financial instruments. This move will target the compliant larger miners and force the small miners (who contribute the bulk of gold production) underground. Guyana will lose in the long-term and our associations will be powerless to convince them to become compliant outside of their capacity. We urge the Minister to rethink this strategy. We remind the minster of his statement “one, one dutty build dam”. The men who are supplying the ‘one, one dutty’ cannot, overnight, comply with your requirements,” it said.HardshipsThe organisation said that while Government has forecasted a 35 per cent growth in the sector in 2016, careful examination will show that there has been a slowdown in the local small- and medium-scale operations. This, it said, is because of the hardships the sector has been facing. These include the removal of several concessions from the industry. It said despite the Minister’s utterances, none of these have been returned.“The sector in 2015 did not have to pay VAT on heavy-duty equipment, matting, spares and other material used directly in the gold mining sector. In 2016 VAT was required on heavy-duty vehicles and a phased removal of all other concessions was implemented. We cannot do more with less,” the GGDMA lamented.The GGDMA and the GWMO hopes Government understands clearly that without the restoration of concessions, the gold mining sector will see a decline rather than growth.“If the concessions are not restored there will be a definite contraction of production. We will find it difficult to replace aging vehicles (an excavator has a lifespan of three to five years in the interior). The sector will see additional downtime due to additional costs for quality equipment and fuel. The sector will see higher costs for start-up and upkeep due to additional VAT on items previously acquired at concessionary rates. This downturn will see a significant spillover effect that will affect every sector of the Guyanese economy. There will be a fall in production and spending all around. This will make 2017 a very dismal year, one which we feel the government will not be able to tax itself out of.”It said it is obvious the Finance Minister has not been properly briefed about what transpires in the gold and diamond mining areas of Guyana, since, if he did, he would understand that additional pressures do not help the industry.“We are therefore extending an invitation to the Minister of Finance and the head of the GRA to accompany the GGDMA and the GWMO on a familiarisation visit to mining areas. This is an open invitation and we remain willing to facilitate the Minister at his convenience,” the body stated.“We are calling on our sector Minister, Raphael Trotman, to make urgent and strong representation for the sector and to vehemently object to any measure that would lead to contraction of the sector. This is the opportunity for the Minister to demonstrate that he truly understands mining and the culture and pressures miners face. The 2017 Budget in its current form spells doom. The mining sector will decline without help.”
View Intersection Advance in a larger mapTraffic might flow faster or slower, depending on what side of the arrow you’re on.On Monday, Fort St. John City Council approved the installation of a left turn arrow on 100th Avenue at 102nd Street. The turning arrow would make turning left easier, for eastbound to northbound traffic.- Advertisement -A report submitted to Council suggests the turning arrow should also help reduce accidents. The City reports that there have been 16 accidents in five years at the location, involving vehicles turning left.Councilor Lori Ackerman had argued the City might want to consider other alternatives.[asset|aid=2371|format=mp3player|formatter=asset_bonus|title=e036d9e0156fc4f0db9b5015819decf7-Ackerman – intersection 1_1_Pub.mp3]Advertisement That noted, whenever there’s no eastbound vehicle turning left, the new advance light will not flash. This is different from the advance on 96th Street and 100th Avenue, where the advance will always activate, even if there is no traffic turning left.The new project has a price tag of $10,000 for one traffic signal arrow, a software upgrade, and installation time. The cost will be included in the City’s 2010 capital budget. City Manager Dianne Hunter says that was one of the options presented, and it would have costed the City upwards of $400,000.So, City Council voted unanimously to go with the cheapest and easiest method, and to install the left-advance light.Director of Infrastructure and Capital Works, Victor Shopland, says the new advancing light could cause a few delays to traffic on the other side of the arrow.[asset|aid=2372|format=mp3player|formatter=asset_bonus|title=e036d9e0156fc4f0db9b5015819decf7-Shopland – intersection 1_1_Pub.mp3]Advertisement
VIN Scully. The voice of the Dodgers. The voice of the San Fernando Valley. The voice of Los Angeles. No doubt about it, one of the best things about living in L.A. is being able to listen to Vin Scully broadcast Dodgers games. The Los Angeles Dodgers might have ended the baseball season on a dismal note, but the award-winning Dodger sportscaster finished it off on a “high-larious” note, by smacking a grand-slam comedic homer out of the park. Last Sunday, Scully completed his 58th season as the Dodgers’ premiere broadcaster. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREChargers go winless in AFC West with season-ending loss in Kansas CityMagic is exactly what Scully has brought to baseball broadcasting. Doing both the play-by-play and the color, he saves the listeners from a montage of conflicting voices and unending, mind-numbing monotony of detailed analysis of every player’s most nuanced gesture. The only magic he hasn’t been able to work is a pennant for the Dodgers. Often he plays the Jewish or Italian momma and is a down right “noodge,” telling people to drive carefully to and from the stadium. Not a day game goes by without him telling the fans to slather on the sun block. No one knows how he does it. He probably doesn’t know himself, but he can be in the middle of a story, call a play, and immediately pick up the thread of the story without missing a beat. At season’s end, it’s not unusual to hear him give us the play-by-play of three games at once, while keeping us posted on which team is vying for what position in the standings for the playoffs, which is exactly what he did during the last three days of the season. After 58 years of calling games, Scully has seen everything on the field and in the stands, from perfect games to no-hitters, from records broken to championships won and lost, from players rushing the field to fans behaving badly. In all those years, there’s only been one thing Scully couldn’t do, one elusive thing that he confessed on-air that he’s always wanted to do. Say three little words: Who’s on first. That was until Chin-Lung Hu, a native of Taiwan, joined the team at the beginning of September. Pronounced “who,” Hu’s first hit as a Dodger was a homer in a game with the San Diego Padres. Touching first base was all that was required, not visiting it. His second game appearance resulted in four round trips from the bench to the batter’s box and back to the bench. In the next game against the Arizona Diamondback, Scully uttered something that’s still cracks me up, “Let’s hope Hu get’s a base hit, folks. I can’t wait to say Hu’s on first.” They say that three’s the charm. Game three. The Dodgers were still in Arizona, and voila! Hu gets his first single. Scully took a deep breath and said, “OK everybody. All together … Hu’s on first!” When Vinnie said he couldn’t wait to say “Who’s on first,” I laughed for days and listened closely waiting for it to happen. The moment would be too priceless and it was. I’m still laughing, and so is Scully. Chin-Lung Hu can’t do anything without us being able to hear the chuckle in Scully’s voice. The only times he suppresses it is when he says the shortstop’s full name. As long as Vin Scully calls Dodgers games and there are kids out there to listen, they will not only learn about America’s pastime, but Scully will teach them about Abbott and Costello’s “Who’s on First,” which is perhaps the most famous comedy routine that has been immortalized in comedy history. Bud Abbott and Lou Costello are also the only two men who never put on a baseball uniform, or played for any professional baseball team, who have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, N.Y. Perched in the audience in comedy heaven, Abbott and Costello must be smiling down on Dodger Stadium, Vin Scully, Chin-Lung Hu and all the fans, because now an entirely new generation of fans will get in on the joke, and finally … Hu’s really on first! Sandy Sand is a resident of West Hills and former editor of the Tolucan.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
SACRAMENTO – Hundreds of bills, including measures dealing with the death penalty, minimum wage and cable television competition, face a major hurdle this week as the Legislature’s appropriations committees screen spending bills. The votes on the two committees’ “suspense files” will determine if the measures reach the full Assembly or Senate and have a chance to move to the other house and eventually to the governor’s desk. Bills that would cost the state more than a minimum amount are routinely placed on the suspense files and voted on at the same hearing. Lawmakers say that helps them determine spending priorities. Here are some of the bills facing votes this week: AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBasketball roundup: Sierra Canyon, Birmingham set to face off in tournament quarterfinalsDEATH PENALTY – A bill by Assemblywoman Sally Lieber, D-Santa Clara, would put a moratorium on executions until the California Commission on the Fair Administration of Justice makes its recommendations on how to improve the accuracy of jury verdicts. The commission is supposed to complete its work by the end of 2007. If approved by lawmakers, the bill would go on the November ballot for voters to consider. Another death penalty bill, this one by Assemblyman Ted Lieu, D-Torrance, would prohibit the state from using physicians in executions. Corrections Department procedures require a physician to attend executions to monitor an inmate’s heart and pronounce him dead. In a recent dispute over a pending execution, a federal judge said a doctor or other licensed medical professional must supervise lethal injections. But the California Medical Association, which supports Lieu’s bill, says that forces physicians to violate their oaths to preserve life. Both measures are on the Assembly Appropriations Committee’s agenda for Wednesday. MINIMUM WAGE – Bills by Lieber and Assemblyman Ed Chavez, D-La Puente, would raise the minimum wage from $6.75 to $7.75 an hour in two steps and require annual cost-of-living adjustments in the wage to keep up with inflation. Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger supports an increase in the wage but opposes the annual inflation adjustments. He’s asked the dormant Industrial Welfare Commission to raise the wage by $1. Both bills are on the Assembly committee agenda. CABLE TELEVISION – The Assembly committee will consider a bill by Assembly Speaker Fabian Nu ez, D-Los Angeles, that would make it easier for telephone companies to get into the cable television business. The measure would allow companies to get cable franchises through the Department of Corporations instead of negotiating deals with local governments. Supporters, including AT&T and Verizon, contend it would promote competition. KINDERGARTEN – A bill by Assemblyman Joe Coto, D-San Jose, would raise the minimum number of hours kindergartners spend in the classroom. Currently, the minimum is three hours a day. Coto’s bill would raise it to 230 minutes, or nearly four hours. A bill by Sen. George Runner, R-Lancaster, would gradually increase the age requirement for children entering kindergarten. Under current law, children must be 5 years old by Dec. 2 to begin kindergarten that year. Runner’s bill would push that cutoff date back to Sept. 1. It would take the same step for first-graders, requiring them to be 6 by Sept. 1 instead of Dec. 2. Some studies claim that delaying the start of formal school instruction until a child is 5 helps. Coto’s bill will be before the Assembly Appropriations Committee on Wednesday. Runner’s is on the Senate Appropriation Committee’s agenda today.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
The inquests will be held in Buncrana today of two brothers who drowned while fishing for lobster off the Donegal coast.Glengad men Francis (68) and Danny McDaid (70) died when their boat capsized three miles off Inishowen in March, 2008.The brothers had been plucked from the water and rushed to Altnagelvin Hospital but were pronounced dead later. No alert had been issued by the vessel, and it is believed the two men had been in the water for some hours.Both had been separated and swept some three miles from where they had been working, into Northern Irish territorial waters.Apart from loose debris, there was no sign of their boat, the 10 metre Strath-Marie.The alarm had been raised by Francis McDaid’s son when their wooden half-decker boat failed to return to Bunagee harbour. The search for the men, which was coordinated by the Malin Head Radio Coastguard, involved the Rescue 118 helicopter as well as the Lough Swilly Lifeboat, Portrush Lifeboat, the Greencastle Coast Guard vessel and several local boats.Inquests into deaths of two Glengad fishermen to be held today was last modified: June 5th, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
LOC CEO Danny Jordaan talking tojournalists about South Africa’s readinessto host the 2010 Fifa World Cup.(Image: Bongani Nkosi) Joao Raposo, a Brazilian journalist, is so impressed with South Africa’s stadiums he’s concerned his home country won’t match up when it hosts the Fifa World Cup in 2014.“In Brazil we’re concerned about the stadiums we will have,” Raposo said during a recent interview at Soccer City stadium in Johannesburg. “I think it will be difficult to compete with the stadiums that Africa has [built].”Raposo, a producer at Bandeirantes TV in Sao Paulo, is one of 120 international and local journalists currently touring South Africa’s 10 host stadiums on a trip initiated by Fifa and the Local Organising Committee (LOC). It has been scheduled to coincide with celebrations marking 100 days remaining to the kick-off the 2010 Fifa World Cup in June.What’s your view on the calabash-shaped Soccer City? I asked Raposo, who, together with a fellow journalist, will stay on after the tour to cover the full tournament in a few month’s time. “I think it’s amazing … but Moses Mabhida [in Durban] is very beautiful, it’s my favourite,” the Brazilian said.The World Cup in South Africa will be spectacular and will certainly cement Africa’s place in world football, he added.The tour is being led by Fifa general secretary Jerome Valcke and LOC CEO Danny Jordaan, who are on hand to answer all journalists’ questions about the readiness of stadiums. It started in Johannesburg on 26 February with visits to Soccer City and Ellis Park.The reporters will wrap up their tour on 2 March at the Moses Mabhida Stadium, where they will be addressed by South Africa’s deputy president Kgalema Motlanthe, Fifa president Sepp Blatter and LOC chairperson Irvin Khoza.Another journalist, Ghanaian Henry Asante Twum, is also taken aback by South Africa’s “impressive” stadiums. Twum, the head of sport at Ghana Television, had seen most of the host stadiums and is convinced the country will stage a memorable event in June.“The World Cup in South Africa will be magnificent. I’m happy that Valcke has commended what South Africa has done to prepare,” Twum said. “I’m impressed with the stadiums I’ve seen.”The hospitality industry also looks ready to welcome the world to Africa, Twum added. “I’ve seen some hotels here. I think the country is in good shape.”Defining momentsSoccer City will accommodate a whopping 90 000 football fanatics, making it the biggest stadium in the country. Come kick-off on June 11, the venue will come alive with vuvuzela trumpeting and cheers from local and international fans as they watch the opening match between Mexico and Bafana Bafana, South Africa’s national squad.Former Bafana midfielder Doctor Khumalo believes the vocal 90 000-strong crowd will be a motivating factor for Bafana. “A 90 000 capacity is a motivator. Some of the boys in Bafana will be nervous, but I don’t think they’re scared of Mexico,” he said.Khumalo has fond memories of playing at the FNB Stadium, which was converted into Soccer City. He played many matches for Bafana and Kaizer Chiefs there, but scoring against Brazil in the 1996 Mandela Cup remains his favourite moment. “The stadium is beautiful, and it’s even better than the older one.”Former striker Philemon Masinga also fondly remembers the impressive goal he scored for South Africa against the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1997. The long-range shot Masinga unleashed after collecting the ball from a defence-splitting through pass from Khumalo remains South Africa’s most important goal, as it secured Bafana a place in the 1998 Fifa World Cup in France.“I’ve got many memories of playing here,” Masinga said.Ellis Park, the other World Cup host stadium in Johannesburg, also “brings back some wonderful memories”, said Joel Stransky – the former rugby player well remembered for scoring the drop goal that won South Africa the Rugby World Cup in 1995 at the stadium.The sight of former president Nelson Mandela wearing a Springbok jersey while he congratulated the team remains etched in Stransky’s mind. Many have said Mandela’s choice of shirt that day inspired reconciliation between black and white South Africans – only a year after the end of apartheid.Experts have given their firm promise that all 10 stadiums will be 100% ready for the June kick-off. At the moment the only area needing attention is the turf at Mbombela Stadium in Mpumalanga, but a pitch consultant from the UK has been called in remedy this. Fifa has assured the media that the 43 500-seater stadium will be completed in time, Radio 702 reported.Vuvuzelas will be loud and clearFifa recently announced that the number of category four match tickets has been increased, meaning that local fans will have greater access to seats at stadiums. Previously only 11% of tickets were allocated for category four – the least expensive category available only to South African residents – but this has been upped to 29%.“We made a commitment that the tournament must be affordable to South Africans … We said let’s give people who’ve been supporting club football in South Africa the chance to carry a World Cup ticket,” said Jordaan.The more local fans there are, the more vuvuzelas, flamboyant fan gear and makarapas there will be at World Cup matches.The plastic vuvuzela trumpet will not be banned from stadiums, Valcke said, on condition that it is not used as a weapon at match venues. “We agreed that we will not ban the vuvuzela or the kuduzela,” he added.The vuvuzela, a South African original, will add a distinct African flavour to the international football event, said Issa Hayatou, the president of the Confederation of African Football. “The vuvuzela is a true representation of what African culture is about, and what African culture is.”
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Monsanto Company has announced that six recipients will be awarded research grants as part of the Insect Management Knowledge Program (IMKP). The program, which started in early 2013 as the Corn Rootworm Knowledge Program, provides merit-based awards of up to $250,000 per award per year for up to three years for outstanding research that will not only enhance the collective understanding of insect management, but help address significant challenges and issues in agriculture.“The valuable research that is being generated through this program will provide industry and academia further opportunity to enhance our collective understanding of insect management, leading to even more effective solutions for farmers in the future,” said Dr. Sherri Brown, vice president of science strategy for Monsanto and co-chair of the program.The IMKP is guided by a 10-person Advisory Committee that is co-chaired by Dr. Brown, and Dr. Steven Pueppke, associate vice president of research and graduate studies for Michigan State University. The committee consists of academics and growers, and provides guidance on integrated pest management, as well as recommendations for areas of basic research on insect resistance and management that would be of interest to growers, the academic community and Monsanto. Earlier this year, the program expanded its focus to include insects that are economically damaging to any U.S. row crop.“This IMKP grant will allow us to move our laboratory-based studies of the molecular mechanisms of gene silencing in insects into an actual field testing setting, which I couldn’t do with more traditional biomedical research funding agencies,” said Dr. Philip Zamore, professor of biochemistry and molecular pharmacology, and co-director of the RNA Theraputics Institute at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.The six awards granted focus on a number of items from addressing the management of insect threats such as whitefly, soybean aphid, and corn earworm resistance to creating a new model for determining how key risk factors affect the development of insect resistance in transgenic Bt corn. The award recipients are: Peter Ellsworth, University of Arizona; Felicia Wu, Michigan State University; Jeff Gore, Mississippi State University; Matthew O’Neal, Iowa State University; Tom Coudron, USDA-ARS; and Philip Zamore, University of Massachusetts.“I am very appreciative that the Insect Management Knowledge Program is providing a grant for our team to model how the most devastating pest of U.S. corn, the corn rootworm, develops resistance to insect control products, and how management practices can help combat this problem,” said Felicia Wu, university distinguished professor at Michigan State University.A listing of the winners and background on their projects is available on the Monsanto Insect Management Knowledge Program webpage.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Scientists in the Ohio State University College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES) say that arbitrary date labels on food contribute to significant food waste because the date labels serve only as an indicator of shelf life, which relates more to food quality than safety.Brian Roe, a CFAES professor of agricultural economics, co-authored a new study examining consumer behavior regarding date labeling on milk containers. The goal of the research is to help consumers reduce food waste through improved food labeling systems and consumer education.The study, which will appear in the June 2018 edition of Food Quality and Preference Journal, surveyed 88 consumers who were asked to sniff half-gallon jugs of milk that were 15, 25, 30 and 40 days past the date they were bottled. Some milk samples were dated and some were not dated.The study found that 64% of respondents said they would throw the milk out that had a date label, while only 45.8% of respondents said they would throw the same milk out if they didn’t know the date label of the milk.“Date labeling doesn’t tell you when a food will spoil,” said Roe, who also leads the Ohio State Food Waste Collaborative, a collection of researchers, practitioners and students working together to promote the reduction and redirection of food waste.“Consumers often view dates as if they indicated health or safety, but those dates are really just about the quality of a product determined by manufacturers,” Roe said. “There’s a difference between quality and safety.“Pasteurized milk is safe past the sell-by date unless it has been cross-contaminated. While it may not taste as good — it can go sour and have flavors that people don’t like and may make them feel nausea — but it isn’t going to make them sick.”Roe said the study focused on milk because it is one of the most wasted food products in the United States, representing 12% of consumer food waste by weight. And past research suggests the date label is a critical reason why milk is discarded, he said.“Innovations in date labels and explaining what the date labels mean will allow more consumers to save money by keeping milk longer and reducing food waste, which has social implications as well,” Roe said. “It’s very resource intensive to produce milk — from the land needed to grow feed for the cows, to the water used for cows to produce the milk, to the energy that goes into housing cows and to processing and transporting the milk.“Not to mention the retailers, who spend a lot of time managing the milk case at the grocery store as well.”Confusion regarding food label dates leads to significant food waste nationwide, with the average American household spending more than $2,000 annually on wasted food, according to a study by the Natural Resources Defense Council.So what do the date labels on food mean?According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the:“Best if used by/before” date indicates when a product will be of best flavor or quality. It is not a purchase or a safety date.“Sell-by” date tells the store how long to display the product for sale for inventory management. It is not a safety date.“Use-by” date is the last date recommended for the use of the product while at peak quality. It is not a safety date except when used on infant formula.“If we make changes to the date labeling, we have to make sure the regulatory system understands how the changes will impact their regulations,” said Dennis R. Heldman, a CFAES professor of food engineering, a member of the Food Waste Collaborative and a study co-author.Heldman is also studying the effect on consumers of an indicator that would be attached to containers of perishable foods to monitor their shelf life. The indicator would gradually change color during storage and distribution of a food or beverage. So a change in color, say, from blue to red, would tell consumers that the product has reached the end of its shelf life.“Using this method, consumers can be confident as to when the product should and shouldn’t be consumed,” he said.
Green builders and bloggers often hail mineral-wool insulation as an environmentally attractive alternative to plastic foams. But construction of a $150 million factory in West Virginia to meet growing U.S. demand for the insulation has opened deep community rifts and raised fears of air and water pollution. Rockwool, a Danish company that makes a variety of mineral wool products for both commercial and residential applications, is building a manufacturing plant that will bring 150 permanent jobs to Ranson, West Virginia. Site work is well underway, and Rockwool hopes to open the plant by the fall of 2020. But opponents are still hoping they can convince the company to pull up stakes and move the plant somewhere else. They worry that a factory that goes through 84 tons of coal and 125,000 gallons of water a day poses a threat to local air and water quality, and ultimately will dissuade tourists from coming to the area, The Washington Post reports.RELATED ARTICLESHow to Insulate a Cathedral Ceiling with Mineral WoolMineral Wool Makers Dropping Formaldehyde BindersBuilding a Foam-Free HouseInstalling Mineral Wool Insulation Over Exterior Wall Sheathing The relatively affluent area around Ranson—just 70 miles from the Beltway circling Washington, D.C.—doesn’t need the jobs, critics complain. And the area will be degraded by the tons of small particulates that will be released into the air annually. Those in favor of the plant dismiss their concerns, and state and federal regulators say the plant will not adversely affect the environment or the health of nearby residents. The dispute has become so sharp that residents have stopped showing up at a local farmers’ market for fear of getting into an argument over the plant, The Post said. The local parent-teacher organization wasn’t sure it wanted to invest in playground equipment at the school across the street from the factory site because they didn’t want their children playing outside. Why green builders like it Spray polyurethane foam and sheets of rigid foam have become important allies to designers and builders who are striving for higher energy efficiency. Because foams are so effective, they have found their way into many high-performance houses. But they’re made with chemicals derived from petroleum, and some of them have ingredients with a high global warming potential. Some green builders won’t use foam insulation for those and other reasons. So when mineral wool began moving from the commercial into the residential construction world a few years ago, some in the business cheered. Mineral-wool insulation is made by melting rock and spinning the molten material to create a dense fibrous material that in addition to insulating effectively is also fire resistant and unaffected by water. It can be used below grade to insulate foundation walls, and above grade as continuous exterior insulation on walls. Alex Wilson, the founder of BuildingGreen, wrote in 2013 that he was “thrilled ” to learn that Roxul (which has since been renamed to Rockwool) would be making its ComfortBoard insulation available to residential builders. The insulation has a recycled content of 75% and could be ordered with recycled content of as much as 93%. Wilson also liked the relatively high R-vale of 4 per in., and its high vapor permeability, which allows wall assemblies to dry to the exterior when the insulation is applied on the outside of a house. Rockwool promises to be a good neighbor The company operates 45 plants in 20 countries and said in a statement announcing the Ranson plant that it would help meet rising demand for the insulation in the U.S. market. The 469,000-sq.-ft. plant will be its second in the U.S. The company said it will manufacture the full lineup of Rockwool insulation products. Other North American facilities are located in Marshall County, Mississippi; Milton, Ontario; and Grand Forks, British Columbia. Rockwool has worked to strengthen its environmental credentials, announcing two years ago that it would stop using binders that contained formaldehyde in some of its products. The Post said the company was “befuddled” by the controversy. A website Rockwool created about the project says Ranson was one of 50 areas in 10 states that were considered for the manufacturing plant. The company says technicians at the plant—most of whom will be local—will earn between $35,000 and $55,000, while managers will earn an average of $85,000. In all, Rockwool says it will spend $218 million there over the first 10 years of operation—$150 million on the plant itself, $64 million in wages, and $4 million in taxes. Rockwool also emphasizes the environmental benefits of mineral-wool insulation, claiming that over its lifetime the building insulation it sold in 2017 will save 85 times the energy consumed and 80 times the carbon emitted in its production. “We take pride in the fact that our stone wool products are among the most sustainable forms of insulation on the planet,” the website says. Locals are annoyed with the approval process Part of the dispute may have nothing to do with how mineral-wool insulation is manufactured, but rather the way in which the new factory was approved by local authorities. The factory site, a former commercial orchard, was to have become a train station with retail sites and residential units nearby, but after a secretive process the city announced two years ago that a factory would be located there instead. There were a number of public hearings, but there was little apparent interest in the project until last year. Then, after a ground-breaking ceremony in June 2018, critics came out of the woodwork. One of them, a group called Resist Rockwool, claims that despite winning a permit from state environmental authorities, the new plant would “spew thousands of tons of toxic and hazardous pollutants into the air we breathe.” The group also cried foul over incentives offered by local officials to the company. The plant with a pair of 213-ft.-tall smokestacks is being built across the street from a school. “We were shocked and disheartened to learn that our public officials had secretly committed over $37 million of our tax money for incentives to a foreign corporation that would impose a polluting factory and significantly deteriorate our land, air, and water,” the group says at its website. The criticism isn’t universal. Don Specht, a 69-year-old retired math teacher who grew up in the area, told The Post: “The whole thing is permitted. And this county could benefit from economic balance. There’s a lot of anti-growth sentiment here, and to me it’s cutting off your nose to spite your face.” Rockwool replies to critics Michael Zarin, Rockwool’s vice president for group communications, said the company was invited to build the facility by the Jefferson County Development Authority on land that had been rezoned as an industrial area. The new factory won approval based on federal emission regulations, and that actual emissions are expected to be “well below” the limits considered safe, even for children, the elderly, and asthmatics. “Rockwool understands that some local residents have concerns about the site,” Zarin said in an email. “To provide additional reassurance to address these concerns the company is fully funding local air monitoring stations that will begin monitoring air quality from one year before start of operations. “Taking this step is not a standard procedure,” Zarin continued, “but we do so voluntarily to provide the community with independent, publicly available data tracking and benchmarking emissions—notwithstanding 80+ years of experience operating in communities with schools, homes, hospitals, and natural areas nearby.” Zarin also made these points: The primary fuel for the melting furnace will be milled coal, up to 84 tons per day. Although Rockwool is working to decarbonize its production, electric melting doesn’t make sense environmentally unless the electricity can be sourced from low-carbon sources. The plant is permitted to emit up to 113 tons of particulates (PM 2.5) annually but even at full capacity actual emissions will be “significantly below” that level. The plant is designed to prevent contamination of soil and groundwater, with process water contained in a closed loop. Smokestack heights are determined mostly by state environmental and aviation regulations, but taller stacks are better for the environment. -Scott Gibson is a contributing writer at Green Building Advisor and Fine Homebuilding magazine.