Read JED’s press release below JED has obtained copies of letters dated 22 August and 3 September by the RTNC’s director-general rescinding the contracts of cameraman Syande Emaka, reporter Marie Lelo and editor Benjamin Okakesema without prior warning because “video footage that called for rebellion was submitted for inclusion in the 8 pm TV news programme on 22 August, eluding the entire TV channel’s vigilance.” Democratic Republic of CongoAfrica Media independence Organisation In his defence, Emaka said they were contacted and asked to cover a demonstration in the National Pedagogic University (UPN). He said that, on arriving there, they were taken to FLNC headquarters on the outskirts of Kinshasa where Kapend gave a speech that did not conform to RTNC editorial policy. Their report on the speech was submitted to the TV channel’s management, which refused to broadcast it. Reporters Without Borders (RSF) joins Journalist in Danger (JED), its partner organization in Democratic Republic of Congo, in calling on the state-owned national radio and TV broadcaster, RTNC, to immediately reinstate three journalists who were fired arbitrarily for covering an anti-government demonstration. News September 17, 2018 Congolese state TV urged to reinstate three journalists fired arbitrarily to go further February 24, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts News Journalist arrested on provincial governor’s orders JED fears that, with the election campaign due to start soon, the dismissal of these journalists could be the prelude to the reinforcement of censorship in the state-owned media. Journalist in Danger (JED) condemns the summary dismissal of three journalists by state-owned Radio Télévision Nationale Congolaise (RTNC) for filming a political demonstration by opponents of President Joseph Kabila’s government and for suggesting that RTNC should broadcast their report. Democratic Republic of CongoAfrica Media independence Studio de télévision au siège de la RTNC à Kinshasa. © RTNC The journalists were fired for covering a demonstration organized by Elie Kapend, the national leader of a political party called the Congolese National Liberation Front (FLNC), who gave President Joseph Kabila an ultimatum to stand down within five days and announced a political transition led by himself before the presidential election scheduled for 23 December. Reporter jailed in DRC for allegedly defaming parliamentarian Follow the news on Democratic Republic of Congo News February 18, 2021 Find out more JED condemns the arbitrary dismissal of these journalists, who did not broadcast any part of their report although other Kinshasa journalists and media outlets did cover the demonstration and did broadcast their reports. Congolese reporter wounded by gunshot while covering protest in Goma RSF_en News Help by sharing this information February 16, 2021 Find out more
News “Protecting whistleblowers when they enable the public to be informed through the media is essential,”said Julie Majerczak, RSF’s representative to the European institutions. “The attitude of the Council of the EU, in which each member state’s government has a seat, is to try to limit the ability of whistleblowers to talk directly to journalists as much as possible. This violates the freedom to inform and the public’s right to information in the public interest.” European protection for whistleblowers is finally close to seeing the light of day but could easily prove to be insufficient although the importance of their role in revealing public interest information has repeatedly been confirmed in recent years in such cases as the Panama Papers, LuxLeaks and France’s Mediator scandal. Protecting journalistsProtecting sources Whistleblowers RSF urges the Council to accept the position taken by the MEPs in their version, which also covers “abuse of law,” meaning acts or omissions that may not appear unlawful in formal terms but which defeat the object or the purpose pursued by EU law. The directive’s scope should also be as broad as possible with regard to taxes, and should not be limited to corporate taxation. As the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union begin negotiating the final form of an EU directive protecting whistleblowers, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) urges these two legislative bodies not to hold back in their defence of the right to information. The draft of the directive that the Council adopted on 25 January allows a whistleblower to report a breach of EU law directly to the media only when there is an imminent or manifest danger to the public interest, or a risk of irreversible damage, or when the authority concerned is colluding with the perpetrator of the breach. Moreover, RSF is concerned about the Council’s very restrictive definition of the breaches that whistleblowers may report. If the directive is to provide extensive protection, it should cover all acts that threaten or harm the public interest. But the “breaches” covered by the Council’s version are limited to acts or omissions that are unlawful under EU law. Protecting journalistsProtecting sources Whistleblowers Organisation Their version allows whistleblowers to go directly to the media not only when there is an imminent or manifest danger but also when the public interest is being harmed or in such circumstances as collusion or misconduct on the part of relevant authorities or a risk of evidence being destroyed. Furthermore, their list of circumstances is not exhaustive. As the Council and European Parliament continue the negotiations on a final version that they began yesterday, RSF urges the Council to open its eyes to the merits of the draft that the members of the European Parliament adopted. The Council’s extremely restrictive approach is all the more incomprehensible given that a whistleblower’s decision to go through journalists, who are in a position to check out the information they receive, should rather be seen as a sign of good faith on the whistleblower’s part. “Final adoption of the directive before the European elections is essential, but the price should not be inadequate protection for whistleblowers or restrictions on the right to information,” Majerczak added. It is also essential that the directive’s protection should cover persons, such as journalists, who facilitate the reporting of breaches, as the MEPs are demanding. RSF_en January 30, 2019 European Union urged to provide better protection for whistleblowers Help by sharing this information
Subscribe HerbeautyHow To Lose Weight & Burn Fat While You SleepHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty8 Easy Exotic Meals Anyone Can MakeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty8 Celebrities Who’ve Lost Their FandomsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyIs It Normal To Date Your BFF’s Ex?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Of The Best Family Friendly Dog BreedsHerbeautyHerbeauty The Chancel Choir meets for rehearsals the first Thursday of each month September to June from 7:00 – 8:15 p.m. They learn a variety of styles of music ranging from classical to gospel to contemporary praise music.Between September and June they sing over 50 anthems. While the regular choir is off during the summer, they do have a pick-up gospel choir that meets briefly before service each Sunday to learn an easy anthem for that day. Anyone of high school age and up is welcome to join the choir at anytime. As a group, they have fun and fellowship together while learning and bringing quality music to the worship service.Come sing for a Sunday, a season or for the whole year.First Congregational Church of Pasadena United Church of Christ, 464 E. Walnut Street, Pasadena, (626) 795-0696 or visit www.uccpasadena.org/music. Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Top of the News Make a comment Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday 8 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Community News Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy First Heatwave Expected Next Week faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Community News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * More Cool Stuff Business News Religious Music Video: First Congregational Church of Pasadena: Chancel Choir Published on Friday, March 9, 2012 | 2:31 pm EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
Home / Daily Dose / Breaking Down Blight The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Breaking Down Blight The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Editors’ Note: This print feature appeared in the February issue of DS News.Almost a decade has passed since the housing bubble burst, throwing the mortgage services industry and neighborhoods across the country into a pitched battle with blight. Recovery has been excruciatingly slow. Outdated rules and a public that has little understanding of the true costs associated with neighborhood blight contribute to a status-quo approach that has hindered the industry for decades.Our residents and communities have borne the burdens that stem from a barely effective approach to combatting blight. But in 2016 and the early days of this year, the industry saw gradual movement that offers improved expectations for the days ahead. Indeed, a confluence of change, innovation, and enhanced understanding of the widespread costs of blight have propelled the industry forward in efforts to decrease the number of zombie properties plaguing neighborhoods and to begin employing new technology in the form of polycarbonate clearboarding to secure vacant and abandoned properties. Such progress offers reason for optimism that, finally, we will be able to attack community blight with the appropriate tools. Years from now, the industry will recognize 2017 as a pivotal year in the fight against blight. Pre-approving Polycarbonate and the Plywood ProblemOne of the most significant changes that built positive momentum in the fight against blight occurred in early November 2016, when Fannie Mae made the game-changing decision to pre-approve the use of polycarbonate clearboarding on pre-foreclosure properties. The decision marked the first time a GSE had expanded its reimbursement policies to include a 21st-century technology that is far superior to plywood. Polycarbonate clearboarding resembles glass, yet it is virtually unbreakable. It can have a tremendous impact on conveying properties more quickly and in a more stable and marketable condition, especially when compared with plywood, an outdated and unattractive material used on vacant and abandoned property for decades.Plywood announces that a building is vacant and abandoned, encouraging vandals and adverse occupants to break in. These people can become a threat to first responders, who cannot see through plywood to ascertain whether a property is actually vacant. Initially cheaper than polycarbonate clearboarding, plywood is easily broken into, deteriorates from weather conditions, and often has to be replaced three times or more.Fannie Mae’s decision will likely be a catalyst that prompts the other GSEs and the industry in general to follow suit in 2017 and approve innovations that allow for the use of polycarbonate clearboarding. The implications of this change will be staggering even if only Fannie Mae participates; if others follow suit, the impacts will be exponentially more significant. Consider that 1.3 million homes in America remain vacant. The national foreclosure rate is 1 in every 1,526 housing units, according to RealtyTrac.As industry leaders embrace new technology, it will be possible to replace plywood with polycarbonate clearboarding, changing practically overnight the appearance of some of the most distressed neighborhoods across the country. Fannie Mae’s pre-approval policy expansion takes effect this month.Gaining Legislative SupportLegislators from states and cities across the country are among those closest to witnessing the damage that unsecured and unsightly zombie properties exact on neighborhoods. Properties with plywood on them essentially scream that the neighborhood is in distress.Ohio is leading all states in its proactive approach to attacking community blight. First, it passed the most progressive fast-track foreclosure law in the country, which in effect can shorten the length of time a property sits vacant during a foreclosure process from two years or more to just six months. This greatly reduces the opportunity for adverse occupants and the chances of non-surchargeable damage.However, even more noteworthy is the measure Ohio Gov. John Kasich recently signed into law that bans plywood on vacant and abandoned properties. This bold law is the first of its kind in the United States and will have far-reaching implications. Most immediately, the law—which takes effect in March—will lead to far wider use of polycarbonate clearboarding in Ohio, which has the eighth-highest foreclosure rate in the nation, according to RealtyTrac.This significant advancement in state government’s approach to eliminating plywood and fighting blight also should prove to be a model for states across the country. Similarly, though not as wide-reaching, cities such as Phoenix and Coachella, California, are embracing the use of clearboarding to improve the appearance and security of their struggling neighborhoods. Phoenix was well ahead of the curve and, in 2015, passed an ordinance requiring all window and door openings visible from the street to be secured with polycarbonate clearboarding if the structure had been vacant and abandoned for more than 90 days. In November, New York City lawmakers began review on a bill that would prohibit the use of plywood to secure vacant and abandoned buildings. Lawmakers clearly understood the simple yet direct connection between plywood and blight: “This bill would prohibit the use of plywood in sealing openings in vacant buildings,” they wrote when filing the bill. “This prohibition is intended to prevent blight.”This bill would set a foundational example at the local level for eliminating plywood in communities of all sizes. New York City’s example would accelerate advocacy efforts for a progressive approach to blight remediation at all levels of government.The True Cost of ForeclosureRecently, Aaron Klein (no relation to the author) released a groundbreaking study quantifying for the first time the substantial and numerous impacts foreclosures and vacant and abandoned properties have on homeowners and their communities.Even based on conservative estimates, the typical foreclosed home imposes costs of more than $170,000, he wrote in his paper, “Understanding the True Costs of Abandoned Properties: How Maintenance Can Make a Difference.”The former U.S. Treasury Department Deputy Assistant Secretary for Economic Policy examines three main areas in which foreclosures and vacant and abandoned properties adversely impact homeowners and their communities: property values, crime, and increased burden on city resources. Among the findings Aaron Klein cites:The foreclosure of a home will cause a loss of value of at least $130,000 for the home and its neighborhood.Over half the total cost of a foreclosure’s impact on neighboring properties comes from the fact that the property is abandoned.Vacant properties lead to increases in violent crime with substantial costs: $14,000 per vacant property per year in increased crime, translating into $795 million nationwide for all vacant properties.The impact of vacancy on crime increases as the property stays vacant for longer periods, likely plateauing at between 12 and 18 months.Vacant buildings are major fire hazards; vacant residential buildings account for one of every 14 residential building fires in America.Community Blight Solutions of Cleveland commissioned this study to help decision makers across the country better understand blight’s true burdens.Klein concludes that how well a vacant home is secured can have a substantial impact on the total costs associated with that status.In a second study and paper to be released this month, Klein will examine the problems associated with plywood. His data will add to the growing evidence that plywood must be eliminated from vacant and abandoned properties and polycarbonate clearboarding should be used in its place.The Year of ClearboardingFor the first time in decades, the housing industry—and mortgage field services in particular—are now armed with the tools they need to seriously and effectively attack community blight. For too long, plywood has served as the standard material for boarding vacant and abandoned properties. It has become the ugly and stigmatizing symbol of a community in despair.Our laws and policies are now leaning toward a more proactive solution. We are beginning to replace outdated, unsightly, and inefficient plywood with modern-day technology in the form of polycarbonate clearboarding, but we have far to go. Advocacy efforts must continue at the national, state, and local levels. Progressive and effective policies must be adopted. It is clear that 2017 will be the year of polycarbonate clearboarding. Forward-thinking leaders in government and industry are embracing a more effective solution. Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago About Author: Robert Klein Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Print This Post Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago in Daily Dose, Featured, Headlines, News Sign up for DS News Daily Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Subscribe Share Save Related Articles Robert Klein is the chairman and founder of Community Blight Solutions. He is also the founder and chairman of Safeguard Properties, which grew from a handful of employees in 1990 into the largest field services company in the industry. 2017-02-06 Robert Klein February 6, 2017 1,770 Views Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Previous: Mortgage Law Expert: CFPB ‘Hangs in the Balance’ Next: RBS Settlement Delayed Thanks to DoJ Shakeup
“You never know in football. There are different ways to analyse the season. The title is important but it is not the only important thing.” Pellegrini has generally stuck to his attacking philosophy throughout his time at the Etihad Stadium and he seems in little mood to change. The club’s ownership are thought not only to want to win, but to do so in style, and Pellegrini feels his team still offer a lot on that front. He said: “The concern is to win the next 11 games. It is important to have (control of) our mind and trust in what we do. “This is the same team that won two cups last year and scored around 160 goals (actually 156) – the most in the history here. “This year we are continuing second in the table, just two or three points (actually five) less than last year.” City do have recent precedent for changing managers having dispensed with Roberto Mancini in 2013 despite his past successes of winning the FA Cup and Premier League. The present situation does hold some similarities, despite Pellegrini’s protestations, but it is not bothering the former Real Madrid and Malaga boss. He said: “I only think about the present. You never know what will happen in the future. “You don’t know if we are going to win against Barcelona or be out of the Champions League. Maybe last year nobody would say we were going to win the Premier League. “I have 25 years’ experience of management at important clubs and I never feel the pressure.” As for critical analysis of his team’s performance – by many players turned pundits – Pellegrini was indifferent. “It is not my duty to tell the media what they must think,” he said. “Everyone has his opinion and the right to give their opinion.” City will look to get back to winning ways as they host Premier League bottom side Leicester. Pellegrini said: “I hope that we can recover to be a consistent team during the whole game. I am sure if we can do it, we are going to win. “But if we think that we are going to win against Leicester because they are bottom of the table, that would be a very bad decision.” The Chilean has come under heavy fire in the past week after damaging 2-1 defeats to Barcelona and Liverpool. City face an uphill battle to turn around their Champions League last-16 tie at the Nou Camp while they now trail Barclays Premier Leaders Chelsea by five points having played a game more. Manchester City manager Manuel Pellegrini appeared ready to fight for his job as he faced the media following fresh criticism and speculation over his position. Press Association Pellegrini was accused of tactical naivety following both results, having sent out his team in his default 4-4-2 system and seen them easily undone. The faltering on two fronts has also fuelled speculation linking the likes of Pep Guardiola, Diego Simeone and Carlo Ancelotti with his position, but Pellegrini claims he is not feeling the heat. The 61-year-old, speaking at a press conference to preview Wednesday’s clash with Leicester, said: “I never have any pressure to win an amount of titles and to win a title every year if I want to continue here. I don’t feel any pressure, especially from the media. “I feel pressure only when I don’t see my team playing the way I want it to do.” Prior to Pellegrini’s appointment, chief executive Ferran Soriano spoke of an ambition to win five trophies in five seasons. Pellegrini won two in his first year – the Premier League and Capital One Cup – but he insists he has not been told of any minimum requirement per season. He said: “When I signed the contract, I was never told I must win a title every year or that I must win five trophies in five years. “That was a sentence of Ferran. That is perfectly normal. But maybe you can win two in one year and one in another, the other another two.
‘IT’S MY TIME’: Amid unusual circumstances, Kiara Lewis is finally getting her chance to star for Syracuse
As Syracuse head coach Quentin Hillsman took the podium to begin the team’s media day on Oct. 11, 13 of his players stood off-camera to his right, unusual for a typical press conference.After Hillsman made an opening statement and answered two questions, a reporter asked him how SU will cope with losing Tiana Mangakahia, one of the top point guards in the nation over the last two seasons.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text“Not concerned at all,” Hillsman replied. “We have Kiara Lewis.”Immediately following Hillsman’s comment, Mangakahia reassuringly placed her hand on Lewis’ left shoulder. Lewis looked around nervously but remained stoic. For two seasons, Lewis has watched Mangakahia flourish into a Nancy Lieberman Award finalist — given to the nation’s top point guard. Lewis was forced to sit out the 2017-18 season due to NCAA rules following her transfer from Ohio State, then came off the bench the following year. To many, replacing Mangakahia’s production seems unattainable. For Lewis, it’s the opportunity she’s been waiting for since arriving at Syracuse in 2017 and one more step toward her WNBA ambitions.“Many people think we can’t do it because we lost Tiana,” Lewis said. “It’s a good opportunity for the rest of us to step up. I’m excited for myself. I mean, it’s my time.”,Lewis, a Chicago, Illinois native, entered college as the No. 24 player in the 2016 class, according to the espnW 100. She took home the 2015-16 Illinois Gatorade Player of the Year Award before heading to Ohio State, where she became the backup point guard behind reigning First Team All-American and Big Ten Player of the Year Kelsey Mitchell.Once her bench role was established early in the season, Lewis realized Ohio State was a bad fit. Despite posting solid numbers for a freshman — Lewis played in all 35 games, made 15 starts and scored double-digit points 11 times — her reduced role compared to high school wasn’t enough for her. OSU head coach Kevin McGuff was supposed to “mentor” her, Lewis’ father Gary said, but they never developed a close relationship. By the end of the season, Lewis wanted to transfer. “That was her hardest year,” Gary said. “We didn’t really understand the process.”Lewis’ next decision needed to be right, or her dream of playing in the WNBA could be jeopardized. She considered DePaul, a Chicago school that her father preferred, and Syracuse. After reaching out to longtime friend and SU guard Gabrielle Cooper to learn more about the Orange’s culture and style of play, Lewis committed to Syracuse in May 2017.NCAA transfer rules meant Lewis had to sit out her first season, but “it wasn’t difficult,” she said. Lewis tore her ACL in her right knee twice, once in seventh and again in eighth grade, so she was accustomed to sitting out for extended periods of time. Lewis said her year off allowed her to adjust to a new living environment, new team and a new system that calls for 5:30 a.m. practices — more than two hours earlier than at OSU. “She fit in real well,” Gary said. “The whole atmosphere, the whole culture was totally different [from Ohio State].” The 2017-18 season also marked Mangakahia’s first with the Orange after she transferred from Hutchinson Community College. Mangakahia blossomed into a star while Lewis watched from the sidelines. Lewis’ future role was in question. She left OSU to be a starter but found herself in the same situation as freshman year — backing up an All-American.Lewis did not start a single game last season. She averaged 22.3 minutes and 8.4 points per game as the sixth woman, but Lewis wanted more. She knew the impact she could make but couldn’t get there because she wasn’t starting. Her performances started to deteriorate. Each day was harder than the last. Gary said his daughter called home every day. “It was a year wasted, and it was damaging to my family,” Gary said. “That year could have dictated what will happen as far as her professional career.”,After Lewis’ worst game of the season, an 0-of-4 shooting performance in a 65-55 loss to Georgia Tech on Jan. 20, Lewis called her father for help. Gary said that she needed bible study to “get her back on track.” Soon, the call included Lewis’ mother, Kadijat, uncle Bryant, and Gary’s longtime friend and pastor, Darren Johnson. During the call, Johnson read Proverbs 3:4-5:“Then you will win favor and a good name in the sight of God and man / Trust in the Lord with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding.”“She really needed some spiritual guidance,” Johnson said. “She had lost her zeal for the game. It had to be recaptured, that fire had to be remade.”The phone call marked a turning point in Lewis’ season. Her demeanor changed, and so did her performances. Lewis focused less on her limited role and more on her production. She played 24 minutes or more in 11 of SU’s 16 games after Georgia Tech, something she did just four times in the first 18 games of the year. Over that span, she posted five of her seven highest-scoring games of the season. The Orange were upset by South Dakota State, 75-64, in the second round of the NCAA tournament, Mangakahia’s presumed last game for Syracuse. Hillsman and many others thought she’d declare for the WNBA Draft, and he began preparing for the 2019-20 season with Lewis as the starter. Then, on April 1, Mangakahia announced she was staying. Again, Lewis would be the backup.“At that point, we already knew what the year was going to be,” Gary said. “So [I told her], ‘Kiki, what you’re going to do is go in there and fulfill your obligations. We have already accepted the fact that you’ve lost a year. That’s a fact. We’ve accepted the fact your opportunity to be considered a WNBA player is questionable.’”On July 1, Mangakahia revealed she had been diagnosed with breast cancer. On Aug. 20, she announced she would miss the 2019-20 season but plans to return for the 2020-21 season for her final year of eligibility. Suddenly, Lewis would be the starting point guard.While the news didn’t alter Lewis’ preparation for the upcoming season, it changed her outlook, she said. Because of her reduced role throughout her college career and the national media’s perception of Syracuse without Mangakahia, Lewis said she “definitely has something to prove.”“I’m just excited for the opportunity,” Lewis said. “Each day I’m getting better at something, whether it’s being more of a leader or making sure I’m in the best shape I can be in.”,As a starter, Lewis will play alongside Cooper in the backcourt. The two have known each other since they were 11 years old when they played for the AAU club Mac Irvin Lady Fire in Chicago. At media day, the thought of sharing the court with Lewis brought a smile to Cooper’s face.Cooper said she knows Lewis’ game so well that she can predict what she will do on a certain possession. Based on where she is looking and her pace as she dribbles down the court, Cooper can tell where she is going to end up on the court and if she will pass or shoot. While outsiders might see Lewis as the Orange’s new ball handler, the team doesn’t consider Lewis a “new point guard,” sophomore Emily Engstler said. Lewis is in the position she always vied for. She never got it at Ohio State, and had to wait two years, nearly a third, at Syracuse. Her days off the bench are over.“She has to understand that now, it’s all about playing basketball,” Gary said.If she focuses on that and can replace some of Mangakahia’s production, Hillsman will be right — Syracuse shouldn’t be concerned at all.Banner photo by Corey Henry | Photo Editor Published on November 4, 2019 at 1:10 am Contact David: [email protected],Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment. Comments